Contact lenses come in a wide variety of designs and kinds to address visual issues while also being pleasant to use. Select the ideal sort for your eyes and lifestyle by being aware of the wide varieties.
The two primary categories of contact lenses are gas-permeable hard, and soft (GP). GP lenses are more rigid than soft lenses but frequently give clearer vision.
Soft Contact Lenses
Many people prefer soft contact lenses because they offer good vision correction and more on-eye comfort than other types of contacts. Moreover, they need less maintenance and are frequently less expensive than hard lenses.
These lenses are created from hydrogels, which are plastics that resemble gel and contain water or silicone and hydrogel mixtures. These new materials don’t dry as rapidly as some previous soft lenses, enabling more oxygen to pass through the lens.
Depending on the prescription, they can be used daily or every two to four weeks. They are often disposable and can be thrown away after a short amount of time. This provides you with a brand-new set of lenses to wear each day, lowering your risk of eye infection and preserving the health of your eyes.
You can wear some soft lens kinds overnight because they are made specifically for more prolonged usage. The risk of a corneal infection rises with nighttime use. If you require glasses while using soft lenses, use them since this might be serious.
Hybrid lenses are also available, combining the advantages of soft and RGP lenses. To correct astigmatism and corneal abnormalities, they feature a stiff core in the lens, but for enhanced comfort, they also have a soft skirt around the center.
Many patients find hybrid lenses a suitable option, although they may be expensive and must be fitted carefully. Ask your doctor to assist you in selecting the best lens for you if you’re interested in this kind.
The polymers used to create rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses enable more oxygen to pass through, which helps the lenses maintain their form and provide sharper vision. They are less flexible and more brittle than soft lenses, though. They can address more severe vision issues, such as keratoconus and other corneal abnormalities.
Hydrogel Contact Lenses
Many patients choose hydrogel contact lenses because they provide several advantages over conventional soft contact lenses. They can maintain the comfort and health of your eyes if you wear them for an extended time.
The ability to increase the amount of oxygen that reaches your cornea is one of their main advantages. This may lessen your chance of developing eye infections while reducing the dryness and redness of your eyes.
These soft contact lenses are created using a unique substance known as silicone hydrogel. Its special gel allows up to five times as much oxygen to enter through the lens as standard soft contacts, which may increase user comfort.
Because it has the same amount of water as your cornea, which helps keep your tears wet and pleasant throughout the day, this is a fantastic substance for those with dry eyes. It is also an excellent option for people with certain eye conditions like Sjogren’s syndrome since it helps reduce dehydration by absorbing more water.
These materials’ hydrogel component is either N, N-dimethyl acrylamide (N, N-dMA) or N-vinyl pyrrolidone (NVP) (NADMA). These monomers link water to the lens material and offer excellent oxygen permeability.
As silicone hydrogel contact lenses are so rigid, they typically stick to the eye’s surface more firmly than other soft lenses. In particular, if your eyes are sensitive, this might give you a feeling of a foreign body.
Spherical, toric, and bifocal designs are among the many possibilities for these lenses. Some are appropriate for daily disposal, while others are permitted for two or six days of more extended wear. Discuss these possibilities with your doctor to determine which choice is best for you. They may also advise you on the best lens for your particular requirements.